Ohio West Nile VIrus Activity 2012
A total of 121 cases were reported in Ohio for 2012. While none of these were reported in Medina County, a total of 34 cases were reported in the five (5) counties that surround Medina County. There were seven (7) deaths in Ohio attributed to West Nile Virus in 2012. Nationwide, there were 243 deaths in 2012 attributed to West Nile Virus.
Medina County Mosquito Treatment Program
Storm Sewer and Catch Basin Treatment
The Medina County Health Department will begin mosquito prevention treatments in Medina County on May 13, 2013. This year, department staff will use Natular™ XRT, a larvicide product from the Clarke Company. It is an environmentally friendly larvicide which won the 2010 Presidential Green Chemistry Award. The tablets, which look like a large Pez candy (about 2 inches wide, 4 inches long, and ¾ inch thick), stay on the bottom of a catch basin for up to 150 days and will slowly release larvicide the entire summer.
For more information about the larvicide product Natular XRT, visit the following websites:
Many birds can be infected with West Nile virus, but crows and blue jays are most likely to die from the infection.
You will not necessarily become ill if bitten by an infected mosquito since most people who are infected with West Nile virus either have no symptoms or experience mild illness. If illness were to occur, it would occur within 5 to 15 days of being bitten by an infected mosquito. People cannot get West Nile virus directly from another person who has the disease. West Nile virus is not spread by person-to-person contact such as touching, kissing, or caring for someone who is infected.
The mosquitoes that carry West Nile virus typically lay their eggs in stagnant water and water-holding containers. Weeds, tall grass, and shrubbery provide an outdoor harborage for adult mosquitoes.
You can reduce the number of mosquitoes around your home and neighborhood by eliminating places where they lay their eggs. Here are some simple steps you can take:
Dispose of tin cans, plastic containers, ceramic pots, or similar water-holding containers that have accumulated on your property. Dont overlook containers that have become overgrown by vegetation.
Clean up any solid waste and scrap tires on your property. Stagnant water in discarded tires is an ideal site for mosquitoes to breed.
Turn over plastic wading pools and wheelbarrows when not in use.
Clean birdbaths weekly.
Drill holes in the bottom of recycling containers left outdoors and in tires used for swings, barriers, running exercises, etc., so they wont hold water.
Clean clogged roof gutters every year. Roof gutters can produce millions of mosquitoes each season.
Aerate ornamental pools or stock them with fish. Water gardens become mosquito producers if they are allowed to stagnate. Clean and chlorinate swimming pools that are not being used. Mosquitoes can even breed in the water that collects on swimming pool and hot tub covers.
Use landscaping to eliminate standing water that collects on your property. Mosquitoes will develop in any puddle that last for more than four days.
Childrens toys and tarps covering wood, cars, boats, and other equipment can also hold water and breed disease-carrying mosquitoes.
The best way to protect yourself is to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes. Use personal protection while outdoors when mosquitoes are present. To reduce your chances of being bitten by mosquitoes:
Wear light colored clothing, long-sleeved shirts or jackets and long slacks.
Use mosquito netting when sleeping outdoors or in an unscreened structure. Protect small children when outdoors.
Avoid mosquito-infested areas or stay indoors when mosquitoes are most active (Many mosquitoes are most active two to three hours before and after dusk and again at dawn when the air is calm. This is the time when the females are most likely to bite. However, some species will feed at any time of the day.)
Avoid physical exertion, and use colognes and perfumes sparingly as these may attract mosquitoes.
Consider the use of a mosquito repellant, according to directions, that contains DEET (not to exceed 30% for adults and 15% for children) when it is necessary to be outdoors.
Put size 16 mesh screens on all doors and windows and keep them in good repair.
Dogs, Cats, and Horses
West Nile virus is not considered a major risk to dogs and cats. Only a few have been reported with the virus. Clinical signs of West Nile virus infection in horses include: listlessness, stumbling, lack of coordination, partial paralysis and death. Horses can be protected by vaccination.
MEDINA COUNTY HEALTH DEPARTMENT
MOSQUITO CONTROL PROGRAM
The Health Department conducts a yearly county-wide mosquito control program. The program includes: public education on mosquitoes, West Nile virus, and protection measures; and application of a bacterial larvacide to control mosquito larvae in storm water catch basins, roadside ditches, and other standing water areas. The Health Department does not conduct spraying for adult mosquitoes. Local communities that have had past spraying programs may continue to provide this activity.
For more information on mosquitoes and West Nile Virus, contact us or visit the Ohio Department of Health web site.