HOUSEHOLD SEWAGE TREATMENT SYSTEMS
Household Sewage Treatment Systems (HSTS), also known as septic systems, play an integral role on properties not served by sanitary sewers. These systems are relied upon to effectively treat and dispose of the wastewater generated during our everyday activities. Proper treatment and disposal ensures that our drinking water supplies remain relatively free of contamination. In order to accomplish this, thorough Site and Soils Evaluations must be conducted to determine the appropriate type(s) and size of HSTS to be used. As a result, each HSTS is designed specifically for its intended use, based on the given soil conditions at a particular property.
Proposed Statewide Sewage Treatment System Rules for 2014 (Ohio Department of Health)
Proposed Statewide Sewage Treatment System Rules for 2014 (Compiled PDF)
For information about care and maintenance of septic systems, refer to our Care and Maintenance Guide or visit the US EPAs SepticSmart website.
Commercial Systems: If the system is for a business and generates less than 25,000 gallons of wastewater per day, an Ohio EPA Site Evaluation Request Form must be completed and submitted with plan specifications to the Ohio EPA for review and approval. Once approved, an installation permit is obtained from the Health Department. Throughout the installation of the system, inspections by the Health Department will be conducted to assure the system is installed according to the EPA-approved plans. An annual operation permit is required from the Health Department which involves an annual inspection of the system to assure it is being properly maintained and operated. A Site Evaluation Request Form must also be completed and submitted any time an existing business changes ownership or its intended use.
Ohio EPA Site Evaluation Request Form
Click here to visit the Ohio EPA Northeast District Office website.
Licensing of sewage system installers/contractors is done annually. To be initially licensed, installers are required to take and pass an exam on the sewage code. All installers who wish to become licensed must be bonded in the amount of $25,000, which is also renewed annually. This bond can be used in situations where system installation issues arise between the installer and the homeowner.
2014 Installer Registration Packet (included bond form)
Registration of sewage tank cleaning companies is renewed annually by the Health Department. These companies have vehicles that perform pumping/cleaning of residential and commercial septic tanks, aeration sewage tanks, and portable toilets.
Investigation and abatement of sewage-related nuisances: The discharge of untreated sewage to the ground surface or a ditch poses not only a pollution issue but a public health concern with disease transmission. Our department receives dozens of calls and reports annually from private citizens and others about suspected sewage nuisances. It is the policy of the Board of Health that a written complaint be filed with the Health Department before an investigation can be conducted. Anonymous complaints are not accepted. Click here for the Nuisance Complaint Form that must be completed and submitted to initiate an investigation.
Sewage system evaluation for real estate transfers: When homeowners sell their property, many lending institutions require that the sewage system be evaluated/inspected to assure the system is functioning properly for the new buyer. Our Health Department staff conducts dozens of these evaluations annually. Please contact our office for the form information that needs to be completed and for the associated fee for this evaluation. For more information, visit our Evaluation Request page.
If you have further questions about our Sewage Program, please contact us at (330)723-9523 weekdays between 8:00 a.m. and 4:30 p.m., or click here.